I KNOW how some of you feel about flash cards.. I can *see* your reason, but I’ve never really *gotten* it. Perhaps.. it’s because flash cards appeal to my learning style.
We’ve used flash cards before but they’ve been a tool that we’ve used for a little here and there. I’ve have never been very strict or diligent about them. They’ve been a tool, not a regimen.
I’ve been even less strict with verbal recitations. You know, like reciting times tables and such. Perhaps because those DON’T appeal to my learning style at all. (I find it incredibly boring, and a big bother in my day to have to go through reciting the entire chart of facts with my children.)
However. (There’s always a however.) Perhaps… If we had been more strict with one or the other (whichever is more appealing to the learning style of the child in question) math facts would come a little bit easier for the girls. They can do them. They know them. But they have to think about them, and sometimes count on their fingers. It doesn’t come easy. And I want it to be EASY for them. I want the girls to be like their Daddy, who has the fastest score on Nintendo Brain Age for computations. He’s unbeatable! I mean.. GOOD GRIEF he’s fast at rattling off those answers! My brain, she is not so fast.
Unfortunately for Princess, she is more like me than her Daddy when it comes to math. She’s right-brained, artistic, visual.. and math is doable but not easy. After doing a little bit of research online yesterday, I landed on this article at the HSLDA website about “Right Brain Math.”
Check out these quotes:
Left brain dominant children learn their math facts easily by repeating them orally, practicing them in timed tests, and working with flash cards. This is the sequential way that works for the left brain, auditory learner. The right brain dominant child, however, likes and often requires a different approach both to memorizing facts, and performing calculation procedures.
Left brain: Orally. Right brain: Other methods. CHECK!
When first- and second-graders learn how to add and subtract, they are frequently given manipulatives to aid them in understanding the concepts. Frequently, however, manipulatives are used longer than necessary and become a crutch, so that rapid calculation is unobtainable. Fingers replace the manipulatives, and continue to slow down the process of quick adding and subtracting.
Manipulatives, fingers, crutch, slow down the process. CHECK!
To learn the number facts using flashcards, since the right brain child learns best when he sees the “whole picture,” put the answer on the front of the flashcard, preferably in color. Then have him look up at it, just as he does to learn his spelling words. With the answer on the front, (which left-brainers tend to think of as cheating), the child learns to see the problem with the answer, so that when just the problem is presented, in his mind’s eye he can still see the answer, usually in the color you originally had it.
Love this idea!!
So now we come to “The Biggest Flash Card Deck Ever!” (Echo on “ever, ever, ever…”)
Inspired by this article, using what materials I had on hand, and tweaking the idea a little bit, I sat down to make the most complete flash card deck for my right-brained, visual learner child.
Using a stack of note cards, a red crayon and a black crayon, I started with multiplying by zero and went all the way through multiplying by 12. The front of the card has the equation in black, with a blank line where the answer belongs, and the back has the full equation with the answer in red. Do the math on that– 13 times 13 is ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY NINE FLASHCARDS!! Double-sided! Princess and I were joking about it later, “Yes,.. with one mega stack of flash cards and only HOURS a day, you too can master multiplication!” ;0)
So how does she use them?
- She uses them herself. I listen in, but she’s ten, so she’s completely independent on this.
- She starts with the unanswered side facing toward her, reads the problem out loud and says the answer. Then she flips it over and reads the equation out loud WITH the answer. This time she gets the visual input, with the added benefit of having the answer to stand out in red.
- If she can’t answer the blank side, gets it wrong, or hesitates too long (I want her to get strong enough in math to be able to answer within 2 -3 seconds) then she adds the card to the back of the stack to do again. If she gets it right and answers quickly, she sets it aside.
- The math facts that she doesn’t know as well will get more practice, because she’ll keep practicing them until she gets it right quickly enough and can set it aside.
- By having EVERY sum from the multiplication chart (both “4 x 6 = 24” and “6 x 4 = 24”) she will have mental pictures for both variations, rather than having to flip it in her head, hopefully making it easier and faster for her.
- We’ll be reviewing these every day until she can quickly answer all of them (we may break it up into 2 or 3 sessions. Yesterday she did it all in one, today she did it in two.) Once she masters the entire set, we will do small portions each day or review the entire stack once or twice a week for maintenance. Once she’s mastered multiplication, we’ll need to make a set for division so she can *see* those, too.
This sounds like a lot of work. Well, it IS a lot of work. But it’s a lot MORE work trying to do long and short division with weak math facts LET ME ASSURE YOU. Princess is on board (even though the stack of cards is a little daunting) because she sees the benefit in the long run. The article on HSLDA also talks about using the Touch Method, triangle families, and word picture stories to help a visual child.
Bonus Points! When I read the paragraph about the Touch Method I thought, “Yes! Yes! That’s exactly what I was talking about!” Just a week or two ago I was explaining Big Daddy how I *see* math in my head – that when he SAYS “7 X 9”, I SEE “7 X 9 = 63” in my mind’s eye. He looked at me like I was crazy, or had two heads. Then I told him about being young and counting dots on the numbers. “DOTS ON THE NUMBERS?” Then he really thought I was crazy. He thought I made it up. “Probably some crazy thing you just started doing, not something somebody taught you,” he said. See – Big Daddy is the left brain, auditory learner. He has NO CLUE what I’m talking about. It might as well be Greek!
Princess is definitely NOT an auditory learner. One of the things I’m trying to do in school this year is make adjustments for learning styles and teach the kids how they learn, how to learn things for themselves in ways that match their learning styles. It just makes sense to do more research on teaching math to visual learners. You’d THINK that math would come easily to visual learners, since it consists mainly of visual numbers on a visual page waiting to be visually completed. Unfortunately, the traditional approach to teaching math facts is largely oral. What I need to do for Princess is make sure that she gets the visual instruction and support that she needs.
Now Drama Queen on the other hand…. I think she might NEED to recite those addition tables over and over. I need to some research for her!!